As you get older, you may notice that your skin is changing. After a certain age, the skin's inner layer (dermis) gets thinner, drier, and more fragile. Ageing is defined as
“progressive physiological changes that lead to a decline of biological functions and of the ability to adapt to metabolic stress.” Your body's production of collagen and elastin slows down as you get older which results in fine lines and wrinkles.
Skin ageing is a complicated process that is influenced by a variety of factors. It is affected by biological, environmental, and hereditary factors that manifest themselves in the texture, colour, and shape of your face. The types of ageing are:
Intrinsic: This is the typical ageing process as it is unavoidable, natural, and a reflection of time. It's also known as chronological ageing, and it's largely linked to gravity and heredity. The clinical and physiological changes that occur in older people's sun-protected patches of skin are referred to as intrinsic ageing. Environmental can also exacerbate intrinsic ageing.
Extrinsic: This refers to external factors such as sun exposure, pollution, and blue light exposure. Both extrinsic and intrinsic ageing are influenced by oxidative stress. Extrinsic ageing affects regions of the body that are frequently exposed, such as the face, neck, and arms. People who are persistently exposed to sunlight suffer from extrinsic ageing, often known as sun damage or photoaging.
Lifestyle: Smoking, food, exercise, and stress can all have an impact on our skin. When compared to nonsmokers, smoking tobacco hastens the appearance of wrinkles, which are deeper and narrower.
Hormonal: Estrogen has a significant impact on the skin, which is a hormone-dependent organ. Estrogen prevents collagen breakdown, regulates moisture, and keeps the skin's outermost barrier in top shape. Menopause can be a turning moment in a woman's life, and it can bring on unpleasant skin changes quickly.
While certain factors are beyond our control, there are definitely a few areas where we can work on to delay the skin aging process.